- Clean School Bus Program
- Clean Heavy-Duty Vehicle Program
- Clean Ports Program
- Clean Air Act - Power Sector Programs
- Tax Credits for All-Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles
- Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund - Solar for All
- Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund - National Clean Investment Fund
- Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund - Clean Communities Investment Accelerator
Clean School Bus Program
The EPA has allocated $5 billion USD to replace existing diesel school buses with cleaner and healthier zero- and low-emissions school buses. Under the Clean School Bus Program, half of the available funding is dedicated for zeroemission school buses and half is for clean school buses. Zero-emission school bus: a school bus that produces zero exhaust emission of any air pollutant and any greenhouse gas. Clean school bus: As defined by the BIL, a school bus that reduces emissions and is operated entirely or in part using an alternative fuel or is a zero-emission bus.
School buses travel over four billion miles each year, providing the safest transportation to and from school for more than 25 million children everyday. However, diesel exhaust from these buses can contribute to air quality problems and has a negative impact on human health, especially for children, who have a faster breathing rate than adults and whose lungs are not yet fully developed. The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law provides $5 billion over the next five years (FY22-26) to clean a substantial portion of the nation’s fleet of nearly 500,000 school buses. These new cleaner school bus replacements will produce either zero or low tailpipe emissions compared to their older diesel predecessors. School bus upgrades funded under this program will result in cleaner air on the bus, in bus loading areas, and in the communities in which they operate.
EPA Clean School Bus Program (EPA-420-F-22-028, October 2022) (PDF, 152KB)
Clean Heavy-Duty Vehicle Program
The Inflation Reduction Act invests $1 billion to replace dirty heavy-duty vehicles with clean, zero-emission vehicles, support zero-emission vehicle infrastructure, and to train and develop workers.
EPA will be distributing this $1 billion in funding for clean heavy-duty vehicles between now and 2031. $400 Million will be going to communities in nonattainment areas.
The EPA will be offering grants and/or rebates to eligible recipients to replace existing heavy-duty vehicles with clean, zero-emission vehicles. Further, the EPA will supply funds for: zero-emission vehicle infrastructure, workforce development and training, and planning and technical activities all in support of zero-emission vehicle adoption and deployment. EPA anticipates this new funding opportunity will become available for application through a notice of funding opportunity (NOFO) released in early spring 2024.
Clean Heavy-Duty Vehicle Program| US EPA
Clean Ports Program
The Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 provides EPA with $3 billion to fund zero-emission port equipment and technology and to help ports develop climate action plans to reduce air pollutants at U.S. ports.
This new funding program will build on EPA’s Ports Initiative that helps our nation’s ports, a critical part of our infrastructure and supply chain, address public health and environmental impacts on surrounding communities. EPA anticipates this new funding opportunity will become available for application through a notice of funding opportunity (NOFO) released in late winter 2024.
Clean Ports Program | US EPA
Clean Air Act - Power Sector Programs
Under the Clean Air Act, EPA implements regulations to reduce emissions from power plants, including the Acid Rain Program (ARP), the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR), the CSAPR Update, the Revised CSAPR Update, and the Mercury and Air Toxics Standards (MATS). The Power Sector Programs Progress Report provides annual updates on these regulatory programs to reduce emissions in the power sector.
2022 Progress Report At A Glance
• 2022 Annual SO₂ emissions: 852,000 tons. 93% below 1995 | 10% below 2021.
• 2022 Annual NOₓ emissions: 753,000 tons. 87% below 1995 | 4% below 2021.
• 2022 ozone season NOₓ emissions: 324,000 tons. 87% below 1997 | 10% below 2021.
• 2022 CO₂ emissions: 1,683,000 tons. 22% below 1995 | 1% below 2021.
Power Sector Programs Progress Report
Tax Credits for All-Electric and Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles
The United States government has introduced tax incentives on new plug-in and fuel cell electric vehicles purchased in or after 2023, pre-owned plug-in and fuel cell electric vehicles purchased in or after 2023, and new plug-in and fuel cell electric vehicles purchased before 2023. All federal and state laws and incentives related to alternative fuels and advanced vehicles can be found at the link below, but the high-level tax credits are listed under details.
New Plug-in and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles Purchased in or after 2023
• Tax credit of up to $7500 for new vehicles purchased in or after 2023.
Pre-Owned Plug-in and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles Purchased in or after 2023
• Tax credit of up to $4000 for used vehicles purchased from a dealer for $25000 or less. The amount equals 30% of purchased price, with a maximum credit of $4000. Other requirements apply.
New Plug-in and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles Purchased before 2023
• Tax credit of up to $7500 for new vehicles purchased in or after 2023. The amount varies based on battery capacity and manufacturer phase-out.
Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund - Solar for All
The Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund (GGRF) is a historic new EPA program created by President Biden’s Inflation Reduction Act. This first-of-its-kind, national-scale program will provide nearly $27 billion in competitive grants to mobilize financing and leverage private capital for clean energy and climate projects that reduce pollution – with an emphasis on projects that benefit low-income and disadvantaged communities. The Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund will be implemented via three grant competitions that will lower energy bills, reduce pollution, and leverage private capital to combat climate change and create economic opportunity for American communities.On June 28, 2023, EPA released the $7 billion Solar for All Notice of Funding Opportunity. Through this competition, Solar for All will award up to 60 grants to states, territories, Tribal governments, municipalities, and nonprofits to expand the number of low-income and disadvantaged communities primed for residential solar investment—enabling millions of low-income households to access affordable, resilient, and clean solar energy.
Unlike a typical grant program, EPA will not provide grants directly to projects. Rather, EPA will provide grants to eligible states, tribes, territories, municipalities and nonprofit entities, and those grantees will ultimately provide the financial assistance communities need to successfully deploy emissions and air pollution reducing projects. The Agency intends for the GGRF competition to enable communities, small businesses, and individuals to seek financing from the broad range of financial institutions that will be direct and indirect recipients of GGRF awards including National Clean Investment Fund nonprofits, local community financing entities, low-income and disadvantaged community solar programs, and more.
National Clean Investment Fund| US EPA
Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund - National Clean Investment Fund
On July 14, 2023, EPA released the $14 billion National Clean Investment Fund Notice of Funding Opportunity. The $14 billion National Clean Investment Fund competition will fund 2-3 national nonprofits that will partner with private capital providers to deliver financing at scale to businesses, communities, community lenders, and others, catalyzing tens of thousands of clean technology projects to accelerate our progress towards energy independence and a net-zero economic future. These national nonprofit financing entities will enable families, small businesses, communities and many others to access the capital they need to install cost-saving and air pollution reducing clean technology projects - with at least 40% of capital flowing into low-income and disadvantaged communities.
The Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund has the following program objectives:
1. Reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and other air pollution
2. Deliver benefits of greenhouse gas- and air pollution-reducing projects to American
communities, particularly low-income and disadvantaged communities
3. Mobilize financing and private capital to stimulate additional deployment of
greenhouse gas- and air pollution-reducing projects
National Clean Investment Fund| US EPA
Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund - Clean Communities Investment Accelerator
On July 14, 2023, EPA released the $6 billion Clean Communities Investment Accelerator Notice of Funding Opporutnity. The Clean Communities Investment Accelerator competition will provide grants to 2–7 hub nonprofits that will, in turn, deliver funding and technical assistance to build the clean financing capacity of local community lenders working in low-income and disadvantaged communities—so that underinvested communities have the capital they need to deploy clean technology projects. These hub nonprofits will enable hundreds of public, quasi-public, not-for-profit, and non-profit community lenders—such as community development financial institutions (including Native CDFIs), credit unions, green banks, housing finance agencies, minority depository institutions, and many others—to finance clean technology projects in low-income and disadvantaged communities, with 100% of funds dedicated to these communities.
The Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund is a transformative investment in American communities. For too long, a lack of access to capital has prevented communities from embracing tested technologies and strategies that lower energy bills, cut pollution and create good paying jobs. The Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund will make grants that facilitate access to financing and technical assistance across the country, enabling communities to realize the cost-saving benefits of the clean technologies, build more resilient communities, and strengthen local economies, especially in low-income and disadvantaged communities
Clean Communities Investment Accelerator| US EPA